Name two muscles which bring about the following movements:-

 

  1. Name two muscles which bring about the following movements:-
a) extension of the hip

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

(2)
b) dorsiflexion of the hallux

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

(2)
c) flexion of the knee

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

(2)
d) inversion of the foot

 

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

(2)
2. What structures make up the boundaries of the popliteal fossa? (4)

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

  1. Name two structures attached to the anterior superior iliac spine.           (2)

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

  1. Describe the attachments of the following structures:-
  2. ligamentum teres                                                                                         (3)

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

  1. posterior cruciate ligament       (3)

 

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

  1. Name three muscles with attachments to the calcaneum.                           (3)

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………….

  1. Which nerve supplies the following?
a) tibialis posterior

……………………………………………………………………………….

(1)
b) rectus femoris

……………………………………………………………………………….

(1)
c) flexor digitorum longus

……………………………………………………………………………….

(1)
d) the skin on the plantar aspect of the second metatarsal head

……………………………………………………………………………….

(1)
e) the skin on the medial aspect of the foot

……………………………………………………………………………….

(1)
7.   Which lower limb bone has no muscular origins or attachments?

……………………………………………………………………………….

(1)
8.   The peroneal groove is found on which bone? (1)

 

……………………………………………………………………………….

                                                                                                               Total 30 Section B

Answer TWO questions

1 Write notes on

a)    the cuboid

b)    the hamstring muscle group

c)    the adductor hiatus

d)    the femoral triangle

(4)

(6)

(4)

(6)

2 Give a detailed account of the structure and function of the ankle joint. Use diagrams where you feel it is appropriate. (20)
3 a)        Describe in detail the arterial supply to the lower limb from the abdominal aorta to the digits of the foot. Use diagrams to support your answer.

b)        Indicate on your diagrams where the pulses of the lower limb may be palpated and describe the anatomical location of each pulse.

(15)

(5)

4 a)       Give an account of the structure and function of the various arches of the foot and describe how they are maintained.

b)       Give a detailed account of the muscles found in the first layer of the foot.

(10)

(10)

                                                              Total 40

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